What products must comply to the EMC Directive?

According to a formal advice document from the European Commission the EMC Directive is applicable to ‘electrical and electronic apparatus, as well as to the equipment and installations which contain electrical and/or electronic components’. The term, ‘apparatus’ has been further defined by the commission as being a finished product delivering an ‘intrinsic function’ and ‘directly usable by the end user’, and can be sold as a single commercial unit. Electronic components do not need marking and the definition of ‘component’, which has no intrinsic value, has become a major focus of the electronics industry and in some cases is still under discussion.